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Norse’s real-time cyberattack map shows less than 1 percent of attacks on the threat intelligence firm’s own network. NORSE

Since the end of the Cold War, the world rapidly experiences the process of globalization. Many people, companies, and states benefited from this ongoing process, while others may be damaged economically, some harmed culturally, and the environment may be affected. Globalization, as the international integration of markets for goods, services, and capital, and movement of information and people increases serious concerns for US national interests because of its effect on technological capacity and security in the home and abroad[1]. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States faces several historically unique difficulties, including the rise of a potential…


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(Photo by — / AFP) (Photo by -/AFP via Getty Images)

After Ecuador, Chile, Iraq, and Lebanon, the global wave of widespread anti-government protests resulted by economic hardships arrived in Iran on November 15 after the National Iranian Petroleum Products Distribution Company increased the price of gasoline by 50 percent for the first 60 liters and almost 300 percent after 60 liter. According to Fars News Agency, the gas pricing plan was agreed by the Supreme Council of Economic Coordination made up of the president, parliament speaker, and judiciary chief. However, many in the country believed that the supreme leader Ali Khamenei is the mastermind of the decision. Speaking in for…


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The revote for Istanbul’s mayoral elections, the largest city in Turkey, held on June 23, and Ekrem Imamoglu, the opposition candidate who won the previous round on March 31, defeated the Erdogan’s candidate, Binali Yildirim again. The re-election becomes a major battle against the Erdoganism in which many people and political parties with different ideologies gathered around Mr. Imamoglu. The new victory came with a significant margin of close to 10%, and Ekrem Imamoglu received nearly 800,000 votes more than his opponent.

Six months ago, few had heard of the name of Ekrem Imamoglu, the mayor of a middle-class Beylikduzu…


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The Justice and Development Party (AKP) had controlled the city of Istanbul for almost 25 years. The city which has GDP close to $4 billion and accounts for a third of the country’s economic output. On March 31 after a confident campaign, President Erdogan and his party lost the Istanbul mayoral election to Ekrem Imamoglu, a candidate from the Republican People’s Party (CHP). Mr. Imamoglu’s victory comes after he received significant support from other political parties such as a nationalist party called Iyi Party and the Peoples’ Democratic Party, a left-wing Kurdish party.

Ever since, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, did…


Tension between US-Iran

The risk of a military conflict between Iran and the U.S. is increase every moment. The White House officials without any proof saying to the media that there are serious threats from Iran and its forces in the region to the United States and its allies. Some talking about the military preparation to send 120,000 troops to the region to confront Iran.

While John Bolton is seriously looking for a conflict with Iran. The American people, the Congress, and the president Trump itself are against the large war with Iran. It is not possible to the U.S…


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Photo Credit: AA

Turkey’s opposition bloc led by the Republican People’s Party (CHP), defeat Erdogan and his ruling party, Justice and Development Party (AKP) in the local elections. In the local election held on Sunday, the CHP candidates declared a victory in the major cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Antalya, Adana, Mersin, Bilecik, and Kirsehir.

The loss of the city of Istanbul and Ankara to Turkey’s main opposition party is a huge personal blow to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who his party controls these two cities for almost 25 years. Istanbul is the center of the Turkish economy and the biggest contributor…

Shahram Ghahramani

International Security and the Middle East Studies Penn State and IU Alumni. “Authoritarian and hybrid regimes, elections, terror groups and National Security”

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